Welcome to the capital of Mongolia!

The year of 2014 marks the 375th anniversary of the capital of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar which means Red Hero. History records that the city was first established in 1639 C.E. Then it was called Urguu, meaning Palace. Under the rule of Munchu Qing Dynasty, the capital city was moved to its present location in the year of 1778 with a new name of Ikh Khuree, Grand Camp, under Bogd Khaan who ruled both the state and the church.

SBI Video Tour!

It was renamed to Niislel Khuree, Capital Camp, when Mongolia fought its' autonomy from Manchus in 1911. Following 1917 Russian Revolution, in 1921 Mongolia proudly became second communist state in the world and declared its' independence. In 1924, the city once again was renamed to Ulaanbaatar which means Red Hero.

It is a city of high contrasts of modernity and antiquity. High rise buildings are being erected in the center while the outskirts of the city pushing their boundaries with traditional nomadic dwellings. As a result the traffic and the air pollution during the winter have become a real problem.

Pictures of capital of Mongolia

Ulan Bator still reflects the seventy years of Russian influence where the majority of government and cultural buildings, hotels and five to twelve story apartment districts were built since 1940s. For example, 3rd and 4th districts were built by Brejnev, former Russian president in eighties.

However, the city is dramatically changed since 1990, it grew from half a million to well over a million and half people. It is rapidly growing as political, cultural and economic center of Mongolia.The only downside of this growth is the congestion.

According to 2006 national statistics, capital city alone produced Mongoia's 40 percent of the Gross Domestic Product, which can be broken down as 53,4 percent of industrial production, 87,1 percent of construction, 56,3 percent of trade, 80 percent of energy and 98 percent of transport and communication.

The city virtually does not sleep during the warm season of the year but the life goes on even it is average minus 20C during the days and drops below 30C during the nights from December through February. The harsh climate and landlocked position does not hinder the spirit and the growth of the capital city.

Click here for Ulaanbaatar city guide, a comprehensive list of businesses, restaurants, and other general information for travelers and visitors. Here are some must see sites in the capital of Mongolia!

Have You Visited Ulaanbaatar?

Do you have a great story about UB? Share it!

Enter Your Title

What Other Visitors Have Said

Click below to see contributions from other visitors to this page...

Capital of Mongolia in pictures 
This is an excellent video of Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia in pictures. I have not seen my city in such beautiful photo composition. …

Ulaanbaatar 
The drive to Choibalsan was gorgeous. It had snowed (tsas, snow) the night before and there was a very gorgeous, what’s the opposite of sunset? Sun…. …

for rent Not rated yet
theres a 2 rooms apartment in Bayanzurkh district, Mongolia for foreigners. One night stay-50$ and it is close to centre of the city. half furnished. if …

Sand Animation Not rated yet
An amazing message by sand animation... Ксения Симонова …

Coffee in Ulaanbaatar Not rated yet
Coffee in Ulaanbaatar If you're a fan of well-made coffee as I am and wanna find a decent coffee place, I recommend the following places. Do let me …

Tourist Attraction in Ulaanbaatar Not rated yet
A memorial to Russian Soldiers has become a tourist attraction in Ulaanbaatar. The site is located south from Ulaanbaatar in Bogd Khan mountain. Many …

Facts about Ulaanbaatar Not rated yet
Facts about Ulaanbaatar - the capital and largest city of Mongolia. The city is an independent municipality not part of any province, and its population …

Snow games in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Not rated yet
This video will give you an idea about things to do in Mongolia if you dare of cause. Like you things can get crazy and out of control but …

Buddhist Temple in UB Not rated yet
So we woke fairly early today...for us anyway, around 08.30 and after showering and breakfast headed out towards the temple, aiming to arrive at 10 am …

Ulaanbaatar Will Have New Airport by 2015  Not rated yet
ULAANBAATAR will have a new international airport by 2015. This will be built with Japanese assistance in Khoshigt valley in Tov aimag, at a place close …

Bogdkhan Mountain in Ulaanbaatar Not rated yet
The 230th Anniversary for Protected Bogdkhan Mountain and the 20th Anniversary for Establishment of the Reserve Protective Administration of Bogdkhan Mountain …

Terelj - Ulaanbaatar Not rated yet
Just 90 km outside of Ulaanbaatar, the Terelj valley offers travelers the first opportunity to see the real Mongolia. The valley is breathtakingly beautiful, …

Ulaanbaatar Not rated yet
The original plan today was for Robbel, Maciek and myself to take a day trip to the Terelj National Park, near Ulaanbaatar. However, after a week of bumpy …

Click here to write your own.