Facts about Ulaanbaatar

by Hun

Facts about Ulaanbaatar - the capital and largest city of Mongolia. The city is an independent municipality not part of any province, and its population as of 2008 is just over 1 million.


Located in the north central part of the country, the city lies at an elevation of about 1,310 metres in a valley on the Tuul River. It is the cultural, industrial, and financial heart of the country. It is also the center of Mongolia's road network, and connected by rail to the Trans-Siberian Railway and the Chinese railroad network.

The city was founded in 1639 as an initially nomadic Buddhist monastic centre. Since 1778 it has been located in the Tuul river valley. In the 20th century, Ulaanbaatar grew into a major manufacturing centre.

• Over 40 percent of Mongolia’s population or two of five people inhabit in Ulaanbaatar.
• Ulaanbaatar lays 0.3 percent of the territory of Mongolia. 65 percent of total sedentary population live here.
• In April 2007, Ulaanbaatar had over million population and it ranked on the 452nd of world cities, which have one million population or over.
• A khoroo (primary urban administrative unit), which has the most residents, is the 12th khoroo in the 6th micro district of Bayangol district, Ulaanbaatar. 487 people live in per hectare square.
• The fewest people live in the 2nd khoroo of Baganuur district. O.05 inhabit in per hectare square.

Ulaanbaatar has had numerous names in its history. From 1639–1706, it was known as Orgoo, and from 1706–1911 as Ikh Khuree, Da Khuree or simply Khuree. Upon independence in 1911, with both the secular government and the Bogd Khan's palace present, the city's name changed to Niislel Khuree.

When the city became the capital of the new Mongolian People's Republic in 1924, its name was changed to Ulaanbaatar, literally "red hero"), in honor of Mongolia's national hero Damdin Sukhbaatar, whose warriors liberated Mongolia from Ungern von Sternberg's troops and Chinese occupation shoulder-to-shoulder with the Soviet Red Army. His statue still adorns Ulan Bator's central square.

Zuunii medee

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