Genghis Khan - founder of
The Great Mongol Empire

Noone can imagine a website about Mongolia without Genghis Khan or in modern Mongolian language it is spelled Chinggis Khaan. Because Genghis has become a National Idol in modern Mongolia despite of 800 years of bad publicity and criticism.

Hi, I am T. K. and I am the head eagle hunter of my tribe, just kidding! Connect with me on FB and leave  your comments, questions etc.

I have watched Mongol by Russian guy, Sergei Bodrov which was released on 6 June, 2008. Although the movie was over dramatized and gone far from the known historical facts, I think it was pretty impressive, "good or bad it is part of the history".

genghis khan statue in front of praliament house

You may have a negative picture about Genghis from the facts of the history. Many Mongols do not know more than it is written in The Secret History of the Mongols but you have to understand the legacy he had left in the minds of every Mongol today.

He united the hostile nomadic tribes into the unified empire with a strong "rule of law" which he introduced with Mongolian script from Ugaritic and Syriac scripts. He equally treated all faiths and beliefs as a tradition that was handed down to his successors till the fall of the Empire.

Genghis is the national identity of the Mongols today, Eternal Emperor: Genghis Khan. He is the hero, father, founder of the Mongols and of the Great Mongol Empire. He was born n 1162 in Deluun Boldog, Khentii province and named Temujin, named after Tatar whom his father Esugei just killed, according to the ancient mongol traditions. Ironically, Esugei was poisoned by Tatars in 1171.

hige statue of genghis kha

From the age of nine, he had gone through tough times when most of his clan, Borjgin, had deserted him. As an oldest son and a leader in the family, he had no choice but to survive. In order to survive, he had killed his brother Bekhter just for steeling his fish.

chinggis khaan statu

Dedicated to Genghis Khan

He managed to survive and take a revenge for his father, still a teenager, defeated Tatars and other clans and was able to unite the warring mongol clans under his leadership. In 1206, he was honored a title of "universal king" by the Mongol princes who gathered at pan-Mongol parliament.

You can watch the whole story Genghis Khan ~ Rise of the Conqueror. He died in 1227 after a serious injury on the battle field against Tanguts. It is believed that his body was taken to his birth place for burial but nobody knows where and it is remains a mystery till today. Today, Genghis Khan 's name and images are everywhere. Be prepared to greet him, ha ha.

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In 1227, after defeating the Tangut people, Genghis Khan died (according The Secret History of the Mongols ). The reason for his death is uncertain and speculations abound. Some historians maintain that he fell off his horse during a horseback pursuit from the land of present day Egypt due to battle wounds and physical fatigue, ultimately dying of his injuries.

Others contend that he was felled by a protracted illness such as pneumonia. The Galician-Volhynian Chronicle alleges he was killed by the Tanguts in battle. Later Mongol chronicles connect Genghis' death with a Tangut princess taken as war booty. One chronicle from the early 17th century even relates that the princess hid a small pair of pliers inside her vagina, and hurt the Great Khan so badly that he died. Some Mongol authors have doubted this version and suspected it to be an invention by the rival Oirads.

ancient mongola soldiers

ancient mongol warrior

Ancient Mongol Warriors

ancien mongolian fla

The Great Khan left behind an army of more than 129,000 men; 28,000 were given to his various brothers and his sons. Tolui, his youngest son, inherited more than 100,000 men. This force contained the bulk of the elite Mongolian cavalry. By tradition, the youngest son inherits his father's property. Jochi, Chagatai, Ögedei Khan, and Kulan's son Gelejian received armies of 4,000 men each. His mother and the descendants of his three brothers received 3,000 men each.

Genghis Khan asked to be buried without markings, according to the customs of his tribe. After he died, his body was returned to Mongolia and presumably to his birthplace in Khentii Aimag, where many assume he is buried somewhere close to the Onon River and the Burkhan Khaldun mountain (part of the Kentii mountain range). According to legend, the funeral escort killed anyone and anything across their path to conceal where he was finally buried. The Genghis Khan Mausoleum, constructed many years after his death, is his memorial, but not his burial site.

On October 6, 2004, a joint Japanese-Mongolian archaeological dig uncovered what is believed to be Genghis Khan's palace in rural Mongolia, which raises the possibility of actually locating the ruler's long-lost burial site. Folklore says that a river was diverted over his grave to make it impossible to find (the same manner of burial as the Sumerian King Gilgamesh of Uruk and Atilla the Hun). Other tales state that his grave was stampeded over by many horses, and that trees were then planted over the site, and the permafrost also did its part in hiding the burial site.