Kublai Khan

kublai khan, great khan, ruler of yuan dynast

Kublai Khan is perhaps the second Great Khan of importance in the history of Mongol Empire after Genghis Khan. His name is closely related with Marco Polo. Polo attended Khan closely and accompanied his military campaigns. I think Polo's writings brought the balance and the truth about the Mongol rule over China to the West because after the fall of the empire, the truth was much distorted in Chinese history.

Hi, I am T. K. and I am the head eagle hunter of my tribe, just kidding! Connect with me on FB and leave  your comments, questions etc.

Kublai was the second son to Tolui, Genghis Khan's youngest and may be the most favorite son, born from the Kereit princess, Sorkaktani Beki. The Kereits had strong and long tradition of Eastern branch of Christianity, called Nestorianism which was unjustly accused and bore a stigma of a heresy until 21st century's scholastic works.Princeton professor Moffet states:

“Judged by his own works, which have come to light only in the last century, Nestorius seems scarcely as heretical as the west had always thought him. At no time did he deny the deity of Christ. He merely insisted that it be clearly distinguished from Christ’s humanity.”

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Though Khan respected her mother's beliefs, he was influenced by Buddhism and died as a devout Buddhist. As a Mongol tradition handed down by Genghis Khan, he provided freedom of religion for all people. Not one religion succeeded in their schemes to become dominant.

During Khan's reign (1260-1294), Mongol Empire had reached its' limits. He peacefully conquered Korea in 1259, in 1276 - Song Dynasty in the south, he had two campaigns against Japan in 1274 and 1281 both of which failed due to the typhoons.

The campaigns against Burma in 1282, Vietnam in 1284, and Java in 1292 also failed because of civil wars in the heartlands of Mongolia with Golden Horde and Chagataid Khanate who joined their forces against Yuan dynasty.

The legacy of Kublai Khan lies in expanding the Mongol Empire despite of of civil unrest and his rival. His brilliant abilities in administration and governance, perhaps, brought lasting impression in the history of the world.