Mongolia Religion facts

Mongolia Russian Orthodox Church

Mongolia Russian Orthodox Church

Mongolia Russian Orthodox Church
Mongolia mosque in Olgii province
Mongolia Buddha Statue
Mongolia Christian Church building project

Mongolia Religious facts


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90% - Buddhism, mostly Tibetan Buddhism with traditional Shamanism
5% of Mongolia are Muslim, of which 120,000 are Kazakh Muslims, and 30,000 are Khoton Muslims.
4% of the population practices Christianity, of which an estimated 90 percent are Protestant and 9 percent are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). Roman Catholics and members of the Russian Orthodox Church together account for the remaining 1 percent.

Various forms of Tengriism and Shamanism have been widely practiced throughout the history of what is now modern day Mongolia, as such beliefs were common among nomadic people in Asian history. Such beliefs gradually gave way to Tibetan Buddhism, but Shamanism has left a mark on Mongolian religious culture, and continues to be practiced. In the three Western khanates of the Mongol Empire, which were established on Muslim territories, the Mongol conqueror elites eventually adopted Islam (along with other aspects of the local cultures, including the indigenous languages).

Throughout much of the 20th century, the communist government ensured that the religious practices of the Mongolian people were largely repressed.citation needed It targeted the clergy of the Mongolian Tibetan Buddhist Church, which had been tightly intertwined with the previous feudal government structures (e.g. from 1911 on, the head of the Church had also been the khan of the country). In the late 1930s, the regime, then led by Khorloogiin Choibalsan, closed almost all of Mongolia's over 700 Buddhist monasteries and killed at least 18.000 lamas. The number of Buddhist monks dropped from 100,000 in 1924 to 110 in 1990.

The fall of communism in 1991 restored the legality of public religious practice, and Tibetan Buddhism, which had been the predominant religion in the region before the rise of communism, again rose to become the most widely practiced religion in Mongolia. The end of religious repression in the 1990s also allowed for other religions, such as Islam, Baha'i Faith and Christianity, to spread in the country. According to the Christian missionary group Barnabas Fund, the number of Christians grew from just four in 1989 to around 40,000 as of 2008.

Unofficial Mongolia Religion facts state that Christianity has grown significantly in the year 2000 because it speaks to young generation of 35 and under who comprise the country's 70% of population. During 2009 presidential campaigns, the political parties intentionally aimed at Christian churches because the poles indicated that Mongolia's Christians make 16% of voting population.

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