Mongolia Government today is a democratic government under the new Constitution adopted in 1992. The fall of Berlin Wall and the collapse of communism in the Eastern Europe and in the Soviet Union triggered long awaited revolution but thankfully it was peaceful Democratic Revolution in 1990. Enjoy Mongolian National Anthem...
I was just starting my two-year mandatory military service and I remember my first 48 hours of "freedom" was reduced to 12 hours in December 1989 due to democratic rallies in the Sukhebaatar square.
Mongolia started to engage in economic and diplomatic relations with the Western world. Mongolia embraced the western ideology with wide open minds. English was highly promoted and we started to see English speaking Caucasians. Christian missionaries were the first ones to get in close contact with local young people. I happened to be one of them who was converted to Christianity and begin to learn English. There are also some problems in Mongolia.
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Current Mongolian President is Nambaryn Enkhbayar, former head of Mongolian People Revolutionary Party. Mongolia's president has a symbolic role with limited rights to block the parliament's decisions, who can then overrule the veto by a 2/3 majority. Mongolia's Constitution provides three requirements for taking office as President: the individual must be a native-born Mongolian, be at least 45 years of age, and have resided in Mongolia for five years prior to taking office.
Mongolia Government uses a unicameral parliamentary system, the State Great Khural, with 76 seats and is chaired by the speaker of the house. It elects its members every four years by general elections. The State Great Khural is powerful in the Mongolian government with the president being largely symbolic and the prime minister being confirmed from the parliament.
The Prime Minister of Mongolia is elected by the State Great Khural. The current prime minister is Sanjaagiin Bayar, who was elected by sixty-seven votes to two on November 22, 2007. There are ministers of each department (finance, defense, labor, agriculture, etc.) and those offices constitute the prime minister's cabinet. The cabinet is nominated by the prime minister in consultation with the president and confirmed by the State Great Khural.
The highlight in the life of Mongolia Government was the President Bush's visit to Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia on November 21, 2005. The first ever to Mongolia by a sitting U.S. President, President Bush addressed the Mongolian people; met with the Mongolian President and Prime Minister; met with a Mongolian herder family; and enjoyed a Mongolian cultural performance.