Mongolian Family Culture
Since the ancient times, Mongolian family culture has been highly influenced by the nomadic culture. The nomadic lifestyle of the Mongols is largely male dominant culture where the sons brought their wives to their father's clan and the daughters were given to be wives to others.
The marriages were arranged for the best of the family interests as opposed to personal choice. This was specially evident during Middle Ages when Genghis Khan employed this strategy to expand his kingdom. He would marry himself or his sons to the daughters of potential allies, and give his daughters to stronger tribes.
However, this tradition is vanishing since the 20th century when the communism took over the country. Now, the legal age for marriage is 18 and the young generation in
is choosing their partners with or without the consent of their parents.
The adoption was a normal practice for families who could not have children on their own. However, not so today where the families are getting smaller.
Traditionally, the eldest son would inherit the father's possessions and become the head of the household, however, the youngest would inherit the largest share of material possessions being the least and needing the most help. It is fairness code.
In rural Mongolia where nomads are much more dependent on manpower in raising their livestock, the family traditions are still strong and as a rule Mongolian family culture is much more traditional and conservative.
Mongolian culture at large would be considered as high grid - group culture. Clans consisting of several families would live together in close proximity as a group. The group name is much more honored over the individual's. It is a norm to have generations living under one roof even in urban Mongolia.
In group culture, children are raised by the norms of the group. Generally, the eldest would play more roles in child-rearing and have more say so over the fathers and mothers. The same norm is accepted even among the siblings with one year difference.